Boundaries in dating table of contents

For a number of reasons (eg, economic disadvantage, dangerous family environments or neighborhoods, earlier initiation of dating and/or sex, cumulative risk), violence-exposed youth have developmental trajectories distinct from non–violence-exposed youth, including greater risk of TDV.

We additionally examine gender differences for several TDV variables associated with severe forms of relationship violence that have rarely been assessed among adolescents, including physical self-defense, fear/intimidation, injury, and controlling/coercive behaviors.

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RESULTS: More girls reported perpetrating psychological and physical TDV, whereas twice as many boys reported sexual TDV perpetration.Notably, despite potential parity in injury, girls consistently reported more fear/intimidation victimization associated with TDV.CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to data suggesting that girls experience far more sexual TDV and injury, these data suggest that at specific times during adolescence, boys among high-risk populations may be equally at risk for victimization.Gender differences in rates of dating violence vary depending on the age of adolescents responding.In high-risk samples of adolescents such as this one, teens in later adolescence may be at equal risk of injury by a dating partner.Students were informed that all information would be confidential except for disclosures of child abuse or homicidal or suicidal threat, which were reported to the appropriate agencies specified by law.Data were collected between 20 via paper-and-pencil surveys.Some have suggested that the incongruous findings on gender symmetry/asymmetry may be explained by the severity of violence, degree of coercive/controlling behavior, and fear/intimidation involved in measuring violence.Studies reporting only proportions of perpetrators and victims or the frequency with which perpetration and victimization occur fail to capture the seriousness, contexts, or consequences of such acts (eg, injury, fear, and distress).reported rates of TDV victimization in a national probability sample.They found that when broad inclusion criteria for TDV were used (ie, any physical act), male rates of victimization were nearly double that of female rates.

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